About Jim Corbett
Col. Edward James “Jim” Corbett born in 25 July 1875 in Nainital, India was a British hunter, turned conservationist, author and naturalist, who in the earlier years was famous for hunting a large number of man-eaters in India. Many a times he was called by the government of United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand) for killing the man-eating tigers and leopards. His hunting skills eventually made him a very popular and famed hunter who earned ling respect in the villages of Kumaon. Local population of Garhwal and Kumaon also considered him to be saint.
Jim was 8th child in huge family of 13 children born of Willam Christopher and Mary Jane Corbett. His parents got transferred to Nainital in the year 1862, after Christopher Corbett wasemployed postmaster of the town. During the times of winters, the family would movedown the hills, where they owned a cottage named 'Arundel' in Chhoti Haldwani or 'Corbett's Village' presently known as Kaladhungi. After death of his father, while Jim was just 4 years old, his eldest brother Tom was appointed as the postmaster of Nainital. From the young age, Jim was captivated by the forests and the wildlife in Kaladhungi.
At a very tender and young age Jim mastered the trick to identify animals and birds by their calls, as the result of his excursions. Over a peripd of time he developedprofessional tracking and hunting skills.Jim took his early education at the Oak Openings School, later merged with Philander Smith College in Nainital. Later on the school was known as Halett War School, and currently running as Birla VidyaMandir, Nainital. He quit school before the age of 19 and found regular employment with the Bengal and North Western Railway, working as a fuel inspector at Manakpur in the Punjab. Later, he was positioned as a contractor for the trans-shipment of goods at Mokameh Ghat in Bihar.
Jim desired to hunt alone and on foot along with his small dog named Robin, about whom he had written much in his first book The Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Jim used totake great personal risks to save the lives of others.
Corbett was also an enthusiastic photographer and after his retreat, wrote books titled, the Man-Eaters of Kumaon&, Jungle Lore, and many more. The books cited his hunts and experiences, which relished critical acclaim and a profitable success. Corbett spoke out for the very need for protecting India's wildlife from extinction and therefore played decisive role in creating a national reserve for the endangered Bengal tiger. The national park was renamed Jim Corbett National Park in his honor in 1957 after his demise in 1955.
It was in the year 1968; five of surviving subspecies of tigers was named after him, including Pantheratigriscorbetti, the Indochinese Tiger, popular as Corbett's tiger.